Dave Black
January 23, 1928 - December 4, 2006

Dave Black

As either David Black or Dave Black, this drummer is best-known for an association with Duke Ellington that lasted between 1953 and 1955. Prior to that, he rode his cymbals for many a soloist as the house drummer at the Blue Note Club in Philadelphia, backing up Charlie Parker, among others.

The flamboyant Buddy Rich was Black's main man despite the vast difference in backgrounds -- the superstar drummer was a self-taught drummer as a child and never learned to read music, while Black studied formally at the Mastbaum School of Music in Philadelphia. Both were great soloists, but Black apparently lacked his model's ambition as a bandleader.

"I want to hear "Caravan" with a drum solo," a famous heckle from an early record by the Mothers of Invention, was in reality a call to arms for Black, who was often featured on this tune during his Ellington years and ironically shared last names with the drummer of the former group.

After leaving Ellington, Black stepped backwards stylistically.
He worked quite regularly with Bob Scobey up until the Dixieland bandleader's death from a heart attack in 1963. The drummer has continued to perform and record, most recently backing up pianist and singer Si Perkoff. Black has also written arrangements that were recorded by bandleader and fellow drum showboat Louie Bellson.

Kenmore Karavan Orchestra

Rex Allen Band
St. Hillary's Church - Tiburon, CA - March 1988

Duke Ellington - Dave Black

Dave Black has played with Duke Ellington and many others in his long career.

Dave Black began grooving at the age of 3, banging on a toy drum sent by a Scottish auntie, tin cans, cups and anything else he could get his sticks on. Seventy-four years later, the masterly percussionist who powered Duke Ellington's orchestra in the mid-1950s is still at it, playing with remarkable fire and finesse despite a series of maladies that might have silenced lesser men.

A Philadelphian who flipped for Gene Krupa and the other, even more dazzling big-band drummer who followed, Buddy Rich, Black took over the Ellington drum chair from his friend Louie Bellson in '54. But he had to quit that illustrious band after two years when he was stricken with polio and laid up for months in a Portland hospital.

After he recovered, Black moved to the Bay Area with his wife, Olga, a waitress he'd met at San Francisco's long-gone Downbeat club. He became a ubiquitous presence in these parts over the ensuing decades, playing with everyone from Frisco jazz trumpeter Bob Scobey, with whom he toured for eight years, to pianist Earl Hines and many other touring and resident musicians.

A protean percussionist equally at ease playing swing or backing Charlie Parker, Black made his living doing club dates and casuals and teaching tricks of the trade -- particularly his deft high hat and brush stuff -- to other drummers. But he was forced out of action again a decade ago with a painfully debilitating illness that doctors could never diagnose. He shrank to about 90 pounds, was in a wheelchair and was prepared for the final curtain.

Then the pain disappeared, and within a few weeks, little Davey Black was back and swinging. For the past year, he's been wowing crowds at Uva in Napa, a popping downtown restaurant where he's featured Friday nights with reedman Philip Smith's Gentlemen of Jazz quartet.

"You're looking at the luckiest guy on this goddamn planet, man,'' says Black, a slight, exuberant man with boyish blue eyes gazing out through thick glasses. "I can still play, and I have good friends. To have my health and be able to play at my age -- it takes a lot of energy for an old man, and I'm lucky to have it.''

His energy and skill would be noteworthy in a drummer of any age. The other night at Uva, he built a bracing solo on Basie's "Jumpin' at the Woodside'' with tap-dancing high-hat melodies and rumbling bass rolls, splashing cymbals and ricocheting cross rhythms. The crowd responded with whoops and shouts and a roaring ovation.

There's a nice vibe at Uva, where the walls around the bar are lined with photos of Peggy Lee, Lionel Hampton and other jazz artists, and a picture of Willie Mays, standing in front of Seals Stadium upon the Giants arrival in San Francisco in '58, hangs in the men's room. The people who run and patronize the place accord Black the appropriate respect. Padrone Sean Pramuk not only sets up the man's drums for him but also puts him up at his home every Friday night so that Black, a diabetic with diminishing eyesight (he recently had laser eye surgery) doesn't have to drive at night. He motors to and from Napa every week in the black 1990 Cadillac that Smith laid on him as a gesture of friendship and admiration.

"You can't believe how they treat me there. It's the end,'' says Black, sitting on a couch in the funky little Alameda house he's rented for 15 years. In his khakis, blue blazer and black wingtips, the gray-haired gent suggests an aging professor who spices his speech with '50s jazz slang.

Black's pad is weather-worn on the outside and a warm clutter of objects within. An old photo of him with Ellington sits on the coffee table alongside a pack of Regal Tip 7A drumsticks. Ties hang from doorknobs. There are photographs of his late wife and son on the fireplace mantel and walls, along with pictures of Black with old drummer friends such as Bellson and the late country and western drummer Larry London.

Neither grief nor illness keeps drummer Dave Black from keeping time, beating odds. Dave Black, in front of his home in Alameda, drives a 1990 Cadillac.

The small adjacent bedroom contains an ancient practice set -- "A guy invented this years ago so the neighbors wouldn't shoot you,'' Black says with a laugh -- and the Slingerland drums he practices on daily. The set is rigged with two pedals on the bass drum so he can play the rolls that used to require two bass drums (Bellson brought the double-bass setup into the Ellington band, and Black followed suit when he joined).

Black learned his dazzling double-bass roll from a Philly tap dancer named Jimmy Cooley, with whom he used to jam.

"When I came up in Philadelphia, drummers and tap dancers were one and the same. We all used to hang together,'' Black says. "We used to scrape up 6 bucks and rent a hall -- you could rent a hall for 6 bucks -- and he and I would go all day, just riffing.''

Black, whose father was a jack-of-all trades who worked in Navy yards and hosiery factories, was already hooked on drums when a cousin took him to hear Krupa when he was 13. He'd been playing Krupa's records dozens of times a day trying to learn the solos. Sitting in the balcony that night, seeing his idol live, he got a surge of inspiration.

"I could hardly walk out. My knees were shaking,'' Black recalls. "He had so much stuff, and he was such a showman. When I saw him in that black tuxedo in that white light, whoa! I became good friends with him later. Then Buddy Rich came on the scene, and that was the end of the barrier for drummers, man. There was nobody like him in terms of what he could do. Like somebody from another planet.''

Black, who won a drum contest put on by Krupa in '48, studied for several years with an old-time vaudeville musician named Jess Altmiller, "a big fat guy'' who played in pit orchestras and was adept on all kinds of percussion instruments. Black jobbed around Philly with various groups before making a splash playing shuffles and boogies with an early '50s rock group called the Aristocrats.

A drummer friend brought Bellson to hear Black with the band. Bellson was impressed with the kid's playing, and the two became lifelong friends (Bellson, who lives in San Jose, is still cooking at 80). In late '53, Bellson told Black he was leaving Ellington and urged him to come up to New York to audition for his job. Sitting in with the Ellington band at Basin Street, Black fit right in, and a couple of months later he got a call from the maestro.

"Listen, Dave,'' Ellington said, "the boys in the band liked what they heard, and so did I. We want to hear more.'' Ellington flew Black to Boston for some shows, but didn't offer him the gig permanently until Black joined the band a few months later at New York's Paramount Theater. In the interim, Black played in the house rhythm section at the Blue Note in Philadelphia, backing artists like Bird, Buddy DeFranco and Zoot Sims.

The old master can still surprise and impress younger drummers with his tricks of the trade: deft high hat and brush techniques.

Although rooted in swing, Black was listening to Parker and Gillespie and took naturally to modern jazz. He could play those frenetic bop tempos.

"I was young and fiery then, man,'' says Black, who really came into his own touring and recording with Ellington in 1954-55. "He was a wonderful, relaxed man who let you play the way you wanted to play, and did his arrangements with your style in mind,'' Black says. Billy Strayhorn, Ellington's close collaborator, wrote the drum feature "Gonna Tan Your Hide'' for Black.

That number still kills Steve Smith, the esteemed drummer who made his fortune with the rock group Journey and now leads the fine fusion group Vital Information.

"That solo is really ahead of its time,'' says Smith, a passionate student of music history who has the tune on his iPod, along with classic solos by Krupa, Rich and others from a 1955 compilation called "Hi-Fi Drums.''

"Dave plays some great boogaloo Latin rock-type feels that were really popularized later by Sandy Nelson (the studio session player whose 1959 hit "Teen Beat'' used those rhythms). There's an incredibly fast bass drum roll, and then he slowly starts with his hands on top of that and speeds his hands up, which takes a lot of coordination. I don't know of anybody else who was doing anything like it those days. And there's some really swinging polyrhythms going on, too.''

Smith is one of many younger drummers whom Black has befriended. On a recent visit, the older musician "showed me some fantastic high-hat tricks,'' Smith says. "After all these years, even though he's got some arthritis (and carpal tunnel problems, for which he's had two surgeries), he's still got great chops.''

What's his secret?

"I don't know,'' Black says. "My father died when he was 53. Maybe playing keeps me young. I get to know all the new young drummers. I'm in the swing of things all the time, rather than sittin' around at home eatin' crackers and cheese at night.''

Every year, he attends the big National Association of Music Merchants convention in Anaheim, checking out the new drum products, schmoozing with old friends and showing some of the rock kids his subtle brush technique.

"I try to listen to everybody,'' Black says. "I don't put anything down. If you don't understand it, don't say nothin'. You can get something from everybody, man.''

Black lost his wife five years ago. A lovely pastel portrait of Olga hangs on the wall. His son, heavy metal drummer Lawrence "Brintley'' Black, died five months ago of complications from diabetes.

"That was a real blow, when the kids go before you do,'' says Black, whose other son, Brian, works as a train dispatcher in Texas.

But Black has his music, and that keeps him going. The joyous response he gets from the crowds at Uva lifts him up.

"People are amazed I can do all that stuff,'' Black says. "It's the age thing. When I was a great drummer at 24, nobody gave a goddamn. Now that I'm old and can hardly sit up, they say, 'Jesus, did you see that old man play?' ''

Dave Black has played with Duke Ellington and many others in his long career.

...played with DAVE APPELL for one year
before being selected by Duke Ellington

Buddy Rich - Dave Black
October 1946

...at the Factory:
Dave Black - Armand Zildjian

About Dave Black:

He was a great jazz drummer who was one of the early double bass drum players.

His chops were amazing, like Buddy's and Louie's. I've known him for years because we both lived int eh San Francisco area. He sent me a home made Dvd of him playing in a church that is incredible, his chops will blow you away.

Billy Strayhorn wrote him a feature for Duke's band called "Gonna Tan Your Hide." There is a great solo on that too. In that he does something close to what Thomas Lang is doing now. Dave plays single strokes very slowly on the double bass and then speeds them up so they are super fast, then he keeps the feet going and does the same thing with the hands, he was ahead of his time.

Steve Smith

Louie Bellson - Dave Black

Gene Krupa - Dave Black

Thomas Lang - Dave Black
NAMM 2006

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